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ART TRIVIA VIII

71) What is the term for a work of art made of two parts, usually hinged together.


A diptych is any work of art with two parts attached at a hinge. a Triptych is essentially the same thing with three parts and two hinges.

72) What famous painter began as a model for Renoir?


While living and working in Montmartre, Auguste Renoir employed Suzanne Valadon as a model, who posed for Dance at Bougival (1883) and The Large Bathers (1884-87). She modeled for over 10 years for many different artists and studied their techniques. Eventually, Valadon became a famous painter herself and was the first woman painter admitted to the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.

73) What term did the artist Kurt Schwitters invent to describe his works made from scavenged fragments and objects?


Kurt Schwitters, father of installation art and a pioneer in fusing collage and abstraction, invented the term Merz when creating a collage with the German word Kommerz (commerce) and subsequently used it to describe his particular style of Dada.

74) What French painter is credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes?


Antoine Watteau is credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes, scenes of bucolic and idyllic charm, suffused with a theatrical air. Some of his best known subjects were drawn from the world of Italian comedy and ballet.

75) What is the term for an artistic process that involves shooting ink at a blank piece of paper?


Bulletism is shooting ink at a blank piece of paper. The result is a type of ink blot. The artist can then develop images based on what is seen. Salvador Dalí claimed to have invented this technique, however Leonardo da Vinci wrote centuries earlier that "just as one can hear any desired syllable in the sound of a bell, so one can see any desired figure in the shape formed by throwing a sponge with ink against the wall."

76) What female surrealist did Andre Breton call "the sorceress who left too soon"?


The male surrealists almost never saw their female counterparts as capable artists, forcing the female surrealists to find ways of working within the restrictions of the surrealist's misconceived notion of women, while still trying to refute it. Varo does this through her images of women in confined spaces. She died at the height of her career from a heart attack in Mexico City.

77) James McNeill Whistler's Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1 is better known by what other name?


Whistler's Mother is exhibited in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, having been bought by the French state in 1891. It is one of the most famous works by an American artist outside the United States. It has been variously described as an American icon and a Victorian Mona Lisa.

78) What artist first achieved notoriety through graffiti epigrams?


Jean-Michel Basquiat first achieved notoriety as part of SAMO, an informal graffiti duo who wrote enigmatic epigrams in the cultural hotbed of the Lower East Side of Manhattan during the late 1970s. By the 1980s, he was exhibiting his neo-expressionist paintings in galleries and museums internationally.

79) What German artist had Emperor Rudolph II as a patron?


Hans von Aachen (1552-1615) was a German artist, one of the leading painters of Northern Mannerism. He was successful as a painter of princely and aristocratic portraits, and was also able to turn his hand to religious and mythological subjects, as well as the eroticized allegories enjoyed by the patron of his last years, Emperor Rudolph II.

80) What Spanish painter is often referred to as both the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns?


Francisco Goya is considered the most important Spanish artist of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. His late period culminates with the "Black Paintings", applied on oil on the plaster walls of his house the "Quinta del Sordo" (house of the deaf man) where, disillusioned by political and social developments in Spain, he lived in near isolation.


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