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21) What tribe of Native Americans was the first to encounter the Pilgrims?

On December 6, 1620, the Pilgrims encountered their first Native Americans -- hostile members of the Nauset tribe. The Nauset would later become the colonists' greatest allies. Most were Christianized and aided the colonists as scouts and warriors against the other tribes. Although no longer distinct as a tribe, most of the Mashpee Wampanoag band are descended from Nauset people.

22) Which U.S. President was shot by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881?

Offended by Garfield's rejections of his various job applications, Guiteau shot the President at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. Garfield died two months later from infections related to the injury. Guiteau was hanged for the crime.

23) What religious figure was murdered at Canterbury Cathedral on December 29, 1170?

Thomas Beckett was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He challenged Henry II, King of England over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion.

24) What Elizabethan theatrical impresario kept a famous diary?

Henslowe's modern reputation rests on the survival of his diary, a primary source for information about the theatrical world of Renaissance London.

25) How many passengers were aboard the Mayflower when it set sail for the New World in 1620?

There were 102 passengers aboard the Mayflower, and the crew is estimated to have been about 30. After the first winter, there were only 53 passengers, just over half, still alive.

26) What war lasted approximately 38 minutes?

The Anglo-Zanzibar War was a military conflict fought between the United Kingdom and the Zanzibar Sultanate on August 27, 1896. The conflict lasted approximately 38 minutes, making it the shortest war in history.

27) Who was offered the role of Israel's second President in 1952?

Albert Einstein, a Jew but not an Israeli citizen, was offered the presidency in 1952 but turned it down, saying "I am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel, and at once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it. All my life I have dealt with objective matters, hence I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to exercise official functions."

28) Who invented Arabic numerals?

Arabic numerals originated in India in the 6th or 7th century and were introduced to Europe through Arab mathematicians around the 12th century.

29) Who was the first wife of King Henry VIII?

As the first wife of King Henry VIII, Catherine of Aragon was the Queen of England from June 1509 until May 1533 when the marriage was declared invalid and Henry married Anne Boleyn.

30) Where did the Battle of Bunker Hill take place?

The battle is named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts, which was peripherally involved in the battle, and was the original objective of both the colonial and British troops, though the majority of combat took place on the adjacent Breed's Hill.