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21) What Elizabethan theatrical impresario kept a famous diary?

Henslowe's modern reputation rests on the survival of his diary, a primary source for information about the theatrical world of Renaissance London.

22) How many passengers were aboard the Mayflower when it set sail for the New World in 1620?

There were 102 passengers aboard the Mayflower, and the crew is estimated to have been about 30. After the first winter, there were only 53 passengers, just over half, still alive.

23) What war lasted approximately 38 minutes?

The Anglo-Zanzibar War was a military conflict fought between the United Kingdom and the Zanzibar Sultanate on August 27, 1896. The conflict lasted approximately 38 minutes, making it the shortest war in history.

24) Who was offered the role of Israel's second President in 1952?

Albert Einstein, a Jew but not an Israeli citizen, was offered the presidency in 1952 but turned it down, saying "I am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel, and at once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it. All my life I have dealt with objective matters, hence I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to exercise official functions."

25) Who invented Arabic numerals?

Arabic numerals originated in India in the 6th or 7th century and were introduced to Europe through Arab mathematicians around the 12th century.

26) Who was the first wife of King Henry VIII?

As the first wife of King Henry VIII, Catherine of Aragon was the Queen of England from June 1509 until May 1533 when the marriage was declared invalid and Henry married Anne Boleyn.

27) Where did the Battle of Bunker Hill take place?

The battle is named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts, which was peripherally involved in the battle, and was the original objective of both the colonial and British troops, though the majority of combat took place on the adjacent Breed's Hill.

28) In which ocean was the Battle of Midway fought?

The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II. The United States Navy defeated an attacking fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy in what military historian John Keegan has called "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare."

29) What did ancient Egyptians use as pillows?

Ancient Egyptian pillows were wooden or stone headrests.

30) What year did Christopher Columbus set sail for the New World under the sponsorship of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain?

In 1492, Columbus sailed out of Palos de la Frontera on the Santa Maria. The two accompanying ships were named the Nina and the Pinta.