Pinto Colvig was the voice of Bozo the Clown on the 1946 record album that introduced Bozo to the children of the world. The album came with an illustrated read-along book (the first of its kind!) and stayed on Billboard's Best Selling Children's Records Chart for an amazing 200 weeks! Colvig also played Bozo on the first version of the TV show, Bozo's Circus, which debuted on KTTV in Los Angeles in 1949. In 1956, Larry Harmon bought the rights to the Bozo franchise and sold local versions of the show to multiple markets across the U.S. By 1959, he had 100 Bozos in the United States, plus clowns in Germany, France, and Japan. The most famous Bozo the Clown is probably former Today Show weatherman Willard Scott. Harmon's personal favorite, however, was Boston's Frank Avruch. In 1965, Harmon tried to market Avruch as the only Bozo but met resistance from many stations who wanted to keep their own clowns.
The Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) may be a small bird, but it undertakes the world's longest migration each year when it travels almost from pole to pole. After breeding in the Arctic Circle, these birds migrate during the Northern Hemisphere winter to the border of the Antarctic ice pack. The roundtrip migration is almost equal to flying all the way around the earth -- totaling approximately 21,750 miles (35,000 kilometers).
According to a Japanese legend, the crane lives for a thousand years, and a sick person who folds 1,000 origami cranes will become well again. A young girl, Sadako Sasaki from Hiroshima, set out to do just that when she developed leukemia as a result of her exposure to the atomic bomb dropped on her city. She died at age 12, before her project was completed, but her classmates folded the remaining cranes for her after her death and placed them at the foot of a monument constructed in Sadako's memory in Hiroshima's National Peace Park. The statue depicts Sadako holding a golden crane in her arms. At the base of the statue a plaque reads, "This is our cry, this is our prayer, peace in the world." Each year, on August 6, thousands of origami cranes from all over the world are placed beneath Sadako's statue.
In 1901, Emil von Behring of Germany won the first Nobel Prize for Medicine "for his work on serum therapy, especially its application against diphtheria, by which he has opened a new road in the domain of medical science and thereby placed in the hands of the physician a victorious weapon against illness and deaths."
A lacto-ovo vegetarian excludes all types of meat from their diet but eats eggs and dairy products. A lacto vegetarian excludes all meat and eggs but eats dairy products. A vegan, the strictist type of vegetarian, excludes all animal products, including eggs and dairy, from their diet.
Robert E. Perry is generally considered to be the first person to reach the North Pole. He achieved this historic feat on April 6, 1909, after a grueling dogsled journey over ice-covered terrain. Although Perry usually receives most of the credit for the discovery of the North Pole, he completed his journey in the company of Matthew Henson and four of the seven Eskimos who had originally set out on the journey. A few critics have suggested that Perry and his men never actually made it to the North Pole.
The Tuareg are known as "the people of the veil" because, at the age of 25, the men begin wearing a veil that conceals the whole face excluding their eyes. They never remove this veil, even amongst family members; it is believed to protect them from evil spirits that enter the body through the nose and mouth. The Tuareg women are not veiled, although they do wear a head-scarf over their hair after they are married to show that they are no longer available to other men. Most Tuareg are followers of Islam, and they are generally found in Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, and Burkina Faso.
The ruble or rouble has been the unit of currency in Russia for many centuries. It is divided into 100 kopecks. Historically, a "ruble" was a piece of a certain weight chopped off a silver ingot, making it the Russian equivalent of the mark, a measurement of weight for silver and gold used in medieval Europe.
Digital diva Lara Croft is the heroine of the Tomb Raider series of video games that revolutionized computer gaming. In the original Tomb Raider, Lara recovers pieces of an ancient artifact known as Scion. In Tomb Raider II, she discovers the secret dagger of Xian. In Tomb Raider III, she searches for four mysterious artifacts fashioned from the heart of an ancient meteorite. The Tomb Raider trilogy was so popular it spawned two movies starring Angelina Jolie as the buxom Lara Croft.