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21) What battle halted the Axis advance in 1942?

The Axis advance halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway, near Hawaii, and Germany was defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union.

22) Which was the first Axis Power to surrender?

Italy was the first Axis partner to give up: it surrendered to the Allies on September 8, 1943, six weeks after leaders of the Italian Fascist Party deposed Fascist leader and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.

23) What meeting of world powers near the end of World War II is often said to mark the beginning of the Cold War?

The Yalta Conference, a wartime meeting between Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin from February 4 to 11, 1945, is considered by many experts to mark the beginning of the Cold War. Among the issues discussed at the Yalta Conference were German war reparations, the division of Germany into zones of occupation, and the repatriation of all Soviet soldiers who had joined American and British troops whether they were willing to return or not. It is believed that many of these soldiers were put to death upon their return to Soviet control.

24) What Axis leader was imprisoned on July 24, 1943?

On 24 July 1943, soon after the start of the Allied invasion of Italy, the Grand Council of Fascism voted against Benito Mussolini, and King Victor Emmanuel III had him arrested the following day. On 12 September 1943, Mussolini was rescued from prison in the Gran Sasso raid by German special forces.

25) How many people were killed by nuclear weapons during World War II?

The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which killed at least 129,000 people, remain the only use of nuclear weapons for warfare in history.

26) How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust?

From 1941 to 1945, Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany systematically murdered about six million Jews. The victims included 1.5 million children and represented about two-thirds of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe.

27) What was the Nazi code name for a planned invasion of the United Kingdom during WW2?

Operation Sea Lion, or Unternehmen Seelöwe, was Nazi Germany's code name for a provisionally proposed invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain.

28) What were Jews in Nazi Germany forced to wear on their clothing?

After World War II began in 1939, the Nazis forced all Jews to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothing so they could be easily recognized and targeted.

29) What time of day did the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor begin?

The attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time.

30) What was the last major German offensive campaign of World War II?

The Battle of the Bulge was launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France, and Luxembourg on the Western Front. The surprise attack caught the Allied forces completely off guard. American forces bore the brunt of the attack and incurred their highest casualties for any operation during the war.