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41) Who was the first President to appoint an African American to the Supreme Court?

In 1967, Lyndon B. Johnson nominated civil rights attorney Thurgood Marshall to be the first African American Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

42) Who was the first President to win the Nobel Peace Prize?

Theodore Roosevelt's successful efforts to broker the end of the Russo-Japanese War won him the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize.

43) Which President signed the Civil Rights Act that extended the rights of emancipated slaves?

The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African Americans, giving them equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit exclusion from jury service. The bill was passed by the 43rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1875. Eight years later, the Supreme Court would declare it unconstitutional.

44) Who was the first president born outside of the original thirteen colonies?

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky.

45) What is the largest number of bills a single President ever vetoed during his time in office?

During his twelve years in office, Franklin D. Roosevelt vetoed 635 bills, of which 372 were regular vetoes and 263 were pocket vetoes. Nine of his vetoes were overridden.