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81) What military campaign is colloquially known as the "Bekaa Valley Turkey Shoot"?

On June 9, 1982, at the outset of the 1982 Lebanon War, ninety Israeli aircrafts destroyed eighty of the one hundred Syrian aircrafts without suffering a single loss. Code-named Operation Mole Cricket 19, this decisive Israeli victory is sometimes referred to colloguially as the "Bekaa Valley Turkey Shoot".

82) What German state preceded Nazi Germany?

The Weimar Republic is an unofficial designation for the German state between 1919 and 1933. It came to an abrupt end on the morning of 30 January 1933 when Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor and immediately began arresting his political opponents.

83) What U. S. President proposed the "New Deal"?

In response to the Great Depression, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed the New Deal, a series of socially liberal programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs": Relief for the unemployed and poor, Recovery of the economy to normal levels, and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.

84) Who was the first Republican Vice President of the United States?

The Republican Party first came to power in the election of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and Abraham Lincoln was elected president. Lincoln's vice president that year was Hannibal Hamlin who was chosen in part to bring geographic balance to the ticket and in part because, as a former Democrat, he could work to convince other anti-slavery Democrats that their future lay with the Republican Party.

85) During the Summer of Love, where did hippies converge?

During the summer of 1967, as many as 100,000 young people from around the world flocked to San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district, Berkeley and other San Francisco Bay Area cities to join in a popularized version of the hippie experience--a melting pot of music, psychedelic drugs, sexual freedom, creative expression, and politics. The Summer of Love, as it came to be called, became a defining moment of the 1960s.

86) Whose death triggered a power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin in 1924?

When Vladimir Lenin died at his home on 21 January 1924, a struggle for power developed between Stalin, the secretary of the Communist Party, and Trotsky, the Commissar for War. Stalin, a master of political trickery, used his position as secretary to put his supporters on the Central Committee of the party. He even told Trotsky the wrong date for Lenin's funeral, so Trotsky turned up a day late. And so it was Stalin who became party leader in 1924. Trotsky was dismissed, then exiled and murdered in 1940.

87) The Nazi invasion of what country triggered World War II in Europe?

On September 1, 1939, the Germans invaded Poland which led Britain and France to declare war on Hitler's Nazi state in retaliation.

88) The Treaty of Versailles followed which war?

Signed on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the Treaty of Versailles followed the Versailles Peace Conference and officially ended World War I.

89) Who was Canada's longest-serving prime minister?

William Lyon Mackenzie King was Canada's longest serving prime minister at 21 years, 154 days, non-consecutively. He is best known for his leadership of Canada throughout the Second World War (1939-1945).

90) Who replaced Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union?

Leonid Brezhnev presided over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was second only to that of Joseph Stalin in duration.