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31) What U.S. President worked as a lifeguard?

Ronald Reagan was a lifeguard during high school and saved 77 lives. Other Presidents with swimming backgrounds include John F. Kennedy, Gerald Ford, John Quincy Adams, and Teddy Roosevelt.

32) How old was Catherine of Aragon when she was betrothed to Prince Arthur?

Catherine was three years old when she was betrothed to Prince Arthur, heir apparent to the English throne. They married in 1501, and Arthur died five months later.

33) Who did Spartacus fight against in the Third Servile War?

Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with the Gauls Crixus, Oenomaus, Castus and Gannicus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.

34) What international body was established in 1945, immediately following World War II?

A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the United Nations was established after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states.

35) What Archduchess of Austria became Queen of France when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI?

When Louis XVI ascended to the throne upon the death of his grandfather Louis XIV, Marie Antoinette became Queen of France.

36) Which Soviet satellite was the first to be launched into space in 1957?

On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 which became the first artificial Earth satellite. This surprise success triggered the Space Race, a part of the larger Cold War.

37) When Santa Anna had his leg amputated after engaging the French at Veracruz, what did he do with it?

In 1838, General Antonio López de Santa Anna had part of his leg amputated after it was destroyed by canon-fire. He ordered a full military burial for the lost limb.

38) Who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540?

Cromwell was one of the strongest and most powerful advocates of the English Reformation. He helped to engineer an annulment of the king's marriage to Queen Catherine of Aragon so that Henry could lawfully marry Anne Boleyn.

39) What war was triggered by the shooting of a pig?

The Pig War, so called because it was triggered by the shooting of a pig, is also called the Pig Episode, the Pig and Potato War, the San Juan Boundary Dispute or the Northwestern Boundary Dispute. The pig was the only "casualty" of the war, making the conflict essentially bloodless.

40) Which dictator composed six operas?

Kim Jong-il was the supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly referred to as North Korea, from 1994 to 2011. During Kim's regime the country suffered from famine, partially due to economic mismanagement, and had a poor human rights record -- perhaps because he spent his time composing operas.