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31) In which ocean was the Battle of Midway fought?

The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II. The United States Navy defeated an attacking fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy in what military historian John Keegan has called "the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of naval warfare."

32) What did ancient Egyptians use as pillows?

Ancient Egyptian pillows were wooden or stone headrests.

33) What year did Christopher Columbus set sail for the New World under the sponsorship of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain?

In 1492, Columbus sailed out of Palos de la Frontera on the Santa Maria. The two accompanying ships were named the Nina and the Pinta.

34) What U.S. President worked as a lifeguard?

Ronald Reagan was a lifeguard during high school and saved 77 lives. Other Presidents with swimming backgrounds include John F. Kennedy, Gerald Ford, John Quincy Adams, and Teddy Roosevelt.

35) How old was Catherine of Aragon when she was betrothed to Prince Arthur?

Catherine was three years old when she was betrothed to Prince Arthur, heir apparent to the English throne. They married in 1501, and Arthur died five months later.

36) Who did Spartacus fight against in the Third Servile War?

Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with the Gauls Crixus, Oenomaus, Castus and Gannicus, was one of the escaped slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic.

37) What international body was established in 1945, immediately following World War II?

A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the United Nations was established after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states.

38) What Archduchess of Austria became Queen of France when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI?

When Louis XVI ascended to the throne upon the death of his grandfather Louis XIV, Marie Antoinette became Queen of France.

39) Which Soviet satellite was the first to be launched into space in 1957?

On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 which became the first artificial Earth satellite. This surprise success triggered the Space Race, a part of the larger Cold War.

40) When Santa Anna had his leg amputated after engaging the French at Veracruz, what did he do with it?

In 1838, General Antonio López de Santa Anna had part of his leg amputated after it was destroyed by canon-fire. He ordered a full military burial for the lost limb.